The heat range of the spark plug determines how much heat the spark plug is capable of removing from the combustion chamber. The heat range of the spark plug does not increase or decrease horsepower. It changes the temperature of the tip of the spark plug. If the heat range is too cold, the deposits will not burn off the tip and the spark plug will foul. If the spark plug heat range is too hot, pre-ignition can occur.
A switch in heat range of the spark plug will change the temperature of the spark plug tip by 70-120 degrees.
If you are unsure of the correct heat range to use, always start with a colder spark plug. If the plug is too cold, the plug will eventually foul and a misfire will occur. This will not hurt the engine. Unfortunately, though, if a spark plug that is too hot is inadvertently chosen, pre-ignition and detonation can severely damage your engine. Donít go to a hotter heat range unless youíve consulted your engine experts.